This section of charts contains education data for Parma Michigan based mainly on the latest year 2021 American Community Survey census data but also the survey from Common Core Data available for Public Elementary through Secondary Schools. In Figure 1, the percent of all people aged 25 years or older, who have either graduated from high school or completed the Graduate Equivalency Degree (GED) or some equivalent certification/credential. Parma shows it has a High School Grad or higher of 90% which is in the center range of other places in the greater region. The city with the highest percent high school graduates or better in the area is Concord which depicts a high school graduates of 97% (7.0% larger).
In Figure 2, the percentage of people aged 25 years or older who have graduated from college/university with at least a bachelor's degree is provided. Note that the bachelor's degree is also called a four-year degree because it normally takes four years of full-time study to finish the course curriculum required to obtain the degree. This chart portrays the proportion of the population in this region who are college graduates with at least a bachelor degree or higher. In many ways, this analysis alongside the prior chart are very quick measures of the level of education in any particular area. Parma depicts it has a Bachelors Degree or higher of 19% which is less than most other places in the greater region. The city with the highest percent with a bachelors degree or higher in the area is Spring Arbor CDP which shows a percent with a bachelors degree of 46% (approximately 2.4 times bigger).
Figure 4 shows the percentage of people 25 years of age or older who either have no schooling at all or dropped out of school before being able to complete high school. Additionally, these are people who also do not have a Graduate Equivalency Degree (GED) or some other high school level type credential/student achievement. This analysis, along with the last two charts, provides another high level review and comparative data on the Parma Michigan educational level. Parma depicts it has a School Dropout Rate of 10% which is in the mid range of other places in the local area. The city with the highest percent who dropped out of school in the area is Springport which depicts a percent who dropped out of school of 20% (about twice as large).
Figure 5 provides a more detailed look at the educational attainment for Parma Michigan. This chart provides the proportion of people aged 25 years of age or older and what was their level of educational attainment. The chart provides 5 broad categories including: No Education/No School, Some High School, High School or equivalent, Some college or Associates Degree, and Bachelors Degree or higher. Parma has one of the largest proportions of percent of people with less than a high school education at 37% of the total and is ranked #3. Only #2 Albion (40%), and #1 Springport (41%) are larger.
The next chart shows a break down of people who have received a bachelor's degree or higher advanced degree generally in a campus learning environment. In particular, Figure 6, provides the proportional breakdown of all the people who have received a postsecondary education along with what the level of advanced degree that was obtained. Note that these categories do not include any type professional development type activities such as those related to maintaining professional credentials in workshop lessons. Note Professional Degree includes medical, dental, lawyers, etc. Parma has the smallest proportion of percent of people with an associate degree at 34% of the total. Second, it has the largest proportion of percent of people with a bachelors degree at 22% of the total and is ranked #1.
The chart in Figure 7 shows the broad area of academic concentration or the discipline for people who have received a bachelors degree. This high level classification is essentially the field of study for which a degree was obtained. Parma has the largest proportion of percent of people with an arts, humanities, or other degree at 27.0% of the total and is ranked #1.
The next chart (Figure 8) provides a more detailed deep dive on the category of major degree obtained for people aged 25 years or older who earned a bachelor's degree or higher. Specifically, this frequency distribution details out what the major field of study was the degree obtained. Parma has the largest proportion of percent of people with a degree in science and engineering related fields at 27.0% of the total and is ranked #1.
A more detailed frequency distribution of educational attainment is provided in Figure 10. In particular this illustration breaks out the highest levels of university educational opportunities beyond the four year college degree. Included in the breakout are the relative proportion of masters degrees, PhD/Doctorate/Doctorial holders, and professional degrees such as medicine, dentistry, lawyers, etc. Parma has one of the largest proportions of percent of people with less than high school at 37.0% of the total and is ranked #3. Only #2 Albion (40.0%), and #1 Springport (41.0%) are larger. The next exhibit (Figure 11) provides detailed cross tabulation analysis that provides education success data broken out or cross tabulated by age group. Please note that the columns add to 100% and you must use the pagination buttons at the bottom of the table to see all the rows.
Figure 12 is a cross tabulation analysis that shows large educational success categories and is broken out or cross tabulated by racial group. Please note that the columns add to 100% and you must use the pagination buttons at the bottom of the table to see all the rows.The final cross tabulation analysis is provided in Figure 13 and shows education success broken out by gender. Please note that the columns add to 100% and you must use the pagination buttons at the bottom of the table to see all the rows.
Parma Michigan School Enrollment Charts
The next section of chart resources look at school enrollment by a variety of educational institutions and are categorized into a number of other groupings. Figure 14 provides the overall school enrollment by broad range of school age/level groupings. Parma has one of the largest proportions of percent of children in kindergarten at 28.4% of the total and is ranked #2. The only larger city being Springport with 34.3%. Second, it has the largest proportion of percent of children in grades 5 to 8 at 40.4% of the total and is ranked #1. Third, it has the smallest proportion of percent of children in grades 9 to 12 at 6.4% of the total.
Figure 15 provides a simple high level comparison of the proportion of students that are enrolled in public schools versus students enrolled in private schools in the Parma Michigan region. Parma depicts percent enrolled in public schools appreciably bigger as the percent enrolled in private schools.
The next comparison provided in Figure 16 shows the proportion of students enrolled in private schools versus students enrolled public schools for students enrolled in Kindergarten through 8th grade (grade 8) or (K through 8). Parma shows percent of children enrolled in public k-8 grades markedly bigger as the percent of children enrolled in private k-8 grades.
The next chart (Figure 18) provides a similar analysis to the last chart but provides the data for public post secondary education versus private higher education colleges. Parma depicts percent enrolled in a public college markedly bigger as the percent enrolled in a private college.
The next chart in this series of resources shown in Figure 20 looks at the total number of students enrolled in any educational institution for each place in the greater Parma region. (Total enrollment in this case includes all students from preschool all the way through students enrolled in graduate school.) Parma shows it has a Total Enrolled of 113 which is the smallest as measured by total population enrolled in school of all the other places in the local area. The city with the highest total population enrolled in school in the area is Jackson which shows a total population enrolled in school of 7,881 ( substantially bigger). Comparing total population enrolled in school to the United States average of 80,497,960, Parma is only about 0.0% the size. Also, measured against the state of Michigan, total population enrolled in school of 2,400,867, Parma is only about 0.0% the size.
The final chart in this series is Figure 22 and provides analysis data for the school year shown. The chart shows the proportion of kids/children that are enrolled in a pre-school public district versus those kids/children who are enrolled in a private pre-school oriented tuition institution (private salary/superintendent/etc.) Parma Michigan has the largest proportion of public preschool enrollment at 50% of the total and is ranked #1.
Parma Michigan Area Schools Charts
Figure 23 lists all the schools in the area along with the school district, county location and other program information/credential such as if they are a public charter school or private charter school or magnet school. Some of the Area Schools are: Western Middle School, Western High School, Parma Elementary School, Bean Elementary School, and Warner Elementary School. The next illustration in Figure 24 shows the total child school enrollment for all grades (through 12th grade) at the school shown using NCES data (Common Core of Data, Public Elementary-Secondary School Universe Survey.) Looking at Enrollment for Area Schools we find that Western High School ranks the largest with a value of 887 enrolled students. The next largest values are for: Northwest High School (877), Paragon Charter Academy (685), Western Middle School (679), and R.W. Kidder Middle School (658). The difference between the highest value (Western High School) and the next highest (Northwest High School) is that the enrolled students is about only slightly larger.
Figure 25 show the ratio of the number of students to the number of teachers in the classroom. A good student to teacher ratio should be low because it indicates that there are less students for any one teacher to educate in a class and generally a better learning environment, better success and optimal teaching excellence. Teachers includes all educational staff such as special education teachers and any other educator. Note that distance learning (online learning/remote learning) is not included in these values. Looking at Student to Teacher Ratio for Area Schools we find that Hunt Elementary School ranks the largest with a value of 15.0 student to teacher ratio. The next largest values are for: Frost Elementary School (16.2), Cascades School (16.2), Bennett School (16.6), and R.W. Kidder Middle School (17.8). The difference between the lowest value (Hunt Elementary School) and the next lowest (Frost Elementary School) is that the student to teacher ratio is 7.9% larger.
The next chart, Figure 26, shows the racial mix of students at each location in this district of the state of Michigan department of education.
Cities marked with an asterisk ("*") should resemble a city or town but do not have their own government (i.e. Mayor, City Council, etc.) These places should be recognizable by the local community but their boundaries have no legal status. Technically these include both Census Designated Places (CDP) and Census County Divisions (CCD) which are defined by the Census Bureau along with local authorities. (For more information, see:
Census Designated Place or "CDP")
and Census County Division "CCD".)
For comparison purposes, the US national average and the state average value are provided. Additionally, the "Combined Statistical Area" or CSA is shown that is closest to the city, county, or zip code shown. A CSA is a large grouping of adjacent metropolitan areas that identified by the Census Bureau based on social and economic ties. (See: Combined Statistical Area)
Data sources - Mouse over icon in upper right corner of each chart for information.